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The Urban Poor And Their Vulnerability To Food Insecurity And Climate Change: A Case Study Of Mathare Valley Slum In Nairobi, Kenya.

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Promoting household food security for many poor people especially in urban areas remains a nugget to date. Ever rising poverty, impacts of climate change, the complexities associated with urbanization.

Achieving household food security for poor urban households require an integrated approach in terms of poverty eradication as well as deliberate efforts with regard to food production and distribution within the framework of ecological integrity, with an aim of empowering the poor and ensuring that their household food security is guaranteed.

The intent of this study is to identify the vulnerability of the urban poor to the threats of food insecurity and climate change. While its hypothesis assumes no difference between urban poverty and vulnerability to climate change and food insecurity ___________________________________

This study used literature review as well as fieldwork in an attempt to understand how households in informal settlements in Mathare valley endeavor to achieve food security in their daily lives. Primary data was gathered from questionnaire and interviews conducted with key informants, as well as field observation. This research utilized maps, tables, graphs and photographs as data presentation methods. While in data analysis chi -square and correlation analysis were applied to draw conclusions from the sample.

This study noted that the main problem of food security in Mathare valley is the weak purchasing power of the urban poor, often too poor to afford the food required to meet *even their basic needs.

This study, however recommends that further research in the field of food security for the urban poor households with a view of identifying ether issues that need to be addressed in order to improve the general livelihood of more vulnerable members of society. Building individual capacities certainly leads to household resilience, but these also need to be coordinated by the household themselves.

But also list policies aimed at alleviating the vulnerability to food insecurity and climate change; Improving the purchasing power through increased employment and income among the poor and lowering the price of food they eat; reduce disparities in income and wealth distribution Controlling human fertility and promoting better health.

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